linux获取本机ip地址

尝试下面程序:

linux获取本机ip地址c语言

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stropts.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int print_addresses(const int domain)
{
  int s;
  struct ifconf ifconf;
  struct ifreq ifr[50];
  int ifs;
  int i;

  s = socket(domain, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
  if (s < 0) {
    perror("socket");
    return 0;
  }

  ifconf.ifc_buf = (char *) ifr;
  ifconf.ifc_len = sizeof ifr;

  if (ioctl(s, SIOCGIFCONF, &ifconf) == -1) {
    perror("ioctl");
    return 0;
  }

  ifs = ifconf.ifc_len / sizeof(ifr[0]);
  printf("interfaces = %d:\n", ifs);
  for (i = 0; i < ifs; i++) {
    char ip[INET_ADDRSTRLEN];
    struct sockaddr_in *s_in = (struct sockaddr_in *) &ifr[i].ifr_addr;

    if (!inet_ntop(domain, &s_in->sin_addr, ip, sizeof(ip))) {
      perror("inet_ntop");
      return 0;
    }

    printf("%s - %s\n", ifr[i].ifr_name, ip);
  }

  close(s);

  return 1;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  int domains[] = { AF_INET, AF_INET6 };
  int i;

  for (i = 0; i < sizeof(domains) / sizeof(domains[0]); i++)
    if (!print_addresses(domains[i]))
      return 1;

  return 0;
}

How do I output my host’s IP addresses from a C program?

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <net/if.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include <ifaddrs.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

void show_address_info( struct ifaddrs *ifa ){
  struct sockaddr_in *s4;
  struct sockaddr_in6 *s6;
  /* ipv6 addresses have to fit in this buffer */
  char buf[64];

  if (AF_INET == ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family){
    s4 = (struct sockaddr_in *)(ifa->ifa_addr);
    if (NULL == inet_ntop(ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family, (void *)&(s4->sin_addr), buf, sizeof(buf))){
      printf("%s: inet_ntop failed!\n", ifa->ifa_name);
    } else {
      printf("IPv4 addr %s: %s\n", ifa->ifa_name, buf);
    }
  }
  else if (AF_INET6 == ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family) {
    s6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)(ifa->ifa_addr);
    if (NULL == inet_ntop(ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family, (void *)&(s6->sin6_addr), buf, sizeof(buf))) {
      printf("%s: inet_ntop failed!\n", ifa->ifa_name);
    } else {
      printf("IPv6 addr %s: %s\n", ifa->ifa_name, buf);
      }
  }

}

int main(int argc, char **argv){
  struct ifaddrs *myaddrs, *ifa;
  int status;

  status = getifaddrs(&myaddrs);
  if (status != 0){
    perror("getifaddrs failed!");
    exit(1);
  }

  for (ifa = myaddrs; ifa != NULL; ifa = ifa->ifa_next){
    if (NULL == ifa->ifa_addr){
      continue;
    }
    if ((ifa->ifa_flags & IFF_UP) == 0) {
      continue;
    }
    show_address_info(ifa);
  }
  freeifaddrs(myaddrs);
  return 0;
}

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