linux default socket timeout

linux tcp 建立连接超时时间是多少呢?

好像没有什么头绪,这个应该是编译的时候或者通过某种配置文件给出。

答案是centos里是30s,其他系统都各不一样,所以要到该服务器查询才能得出正确结论。

执行以下命令则得出:

/sbin/sysctl net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout

要改成60s,则执行如下命令:

/sbin/sysctl net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout=60

如果要查看其他配置:
执行如下命令

/sbin/sysctl -a

执行结果如下:

crypto.fips_enabled = 0
abi.vsyscall32 = 1
dev.parport.parport0.devices.active = none
dev.parport.parport0.modes = PCSPP,TRISTATE
dev.parport.parport0.dma = -1
dev.parport.parport0.irq = 7
dev.parport.parport0.base-addr = 888    0
dev.parport.parport0.spintime = 500
dev.parport.default.spintime = 500
dev.parport.default.timeslice = 200
dev.scsi.logging_level = 0
dev.raid.speed_limit_max = 200000
dev.raid.speed_limit_min = 1000
dev.hpet.max-user-freq = 64
dev.rtc.max-user-freq = 64
debug.exception-trace = 1
debug.kprobes-optimization = 1
net.unix.max_dgram_qlen = 10
net.token-ring.rif_timeout = 600000
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.promote_secondaries = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.force_igmp_version = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.disable_policy = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.disable_xfrm = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.accept_local = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.arp_accept = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.arp_ignore = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.arp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.tag = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.log_martians = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.bootp_relay = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.medium_id = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.proxy_arp = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.accept_source_route = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.send_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.shared_media = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.secure_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.accept_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.mc_forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth1.forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.promote_secondaries = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.force_igmp_version = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.disable_policy = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.disable_xfrm = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_local = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.arp_accept = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.arp_ignore = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.arp_announce = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.arp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.tag = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.log_martians = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.bootp_relay = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.medium_id = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.proxy_arp = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_source_route = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.send_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.shared_media = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.secure_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.mc_forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.promote_secondaries = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.force_igmp_version = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.disable_policy = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.disable_xfrm = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_local = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_accept = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_ignore = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_announce = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.tag = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.log_martians = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.bootp_relay = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.medium_id = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.proxy_arp = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.shared_media = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.mc_forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.promote_secondaries = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.force_igmp_version = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.disable_policy = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.disable_xfrm = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_accept = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.tag = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.log_martians = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.bootp_relay = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.medium_id = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.proxy_arp = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.mc_forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.forwarding = 0
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.base_reachable_time_ms = 30000
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.retrans_time_ms = 1000
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.locktime = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.proxy_delay = 79
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.anycast_delay = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.proxy_qlen = 64
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.unres_qlen = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.gc_stale_time = 60
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.delay_first_probe_time = 5
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.base_reachable_time = 30
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.retrans_time = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.app_solicit = 0
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.ucast_solicit = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.eth1.mcast_solicit = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.base_reachable_time_ms = 30000
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.retrans_time_ms = 1000
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.locktime = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.proxy_delay = 79
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.anycast_delay = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.proxy_qlen = 64
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.unres_qlen = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.gc_stale_time = 60
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.delay_first_probe_time = 5
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.base_reachable_time = 30
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.retrans_time = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.app_solicit = 0
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.ucast_solicit = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.lo.mcast_solicit = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.default.base_reachable_time_ms = 30000
net.ipv4.neigh.default.retrans_time_ms = 1000
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh3 = 1024
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh2 = 512
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh1 = 128
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_interval = 30
net.ipv4.neigh.default.locktime = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.default.proxy_delay = 79
net.ipv4.neigh.default.anycast_delay = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.default.proxy_qlen = 64
net.ipv4.neigh.default.unres_qlen = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_stale_time = 60
net.ipv4.neigh.default.delay_first_probe_time = 5
net.ipv4.neigh.default.base_reachable_time = 30
net.ipv4.neigh.default.retrans_time = 99
net.ipv4.neigh.default.app_solicit = 0
net.ipv4.neigh.default.ucast_solicit = 3
net.ipv4.neigh.default.mcast_solicit = 3
net.ipv4.udp_wmem_min = 4096
net.ipv4.udp_rmem_min = 4096
net.ipv4.udp_mem = 385824       514432  771648
net.ipv4.cipso_rbm_strictvalid = 1
net.ipv4.cipso_rbm_optfmt = 0
net.ipv4.cipso_cache_bucket_size = 10
net.ipv4.cipso_cache_enable = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_slow_start_after_idle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_dma_copybreak = 4096
net.ipv4.tcp_workaround_signed_windows = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_base_mss = 512
net.ipv4.tcp_mtu_probing = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_abc = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = bic
net.ipv4.tcp_tso_win_divisor = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_moderate_rcvbuf = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_no_metrics_save = 0
net.ipv4.ipfrag_max_dist = 64
net.ipv4.ipfrag_secret_interval = 600
net.ipv4.tcp_low_latency = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_frto = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 0
net.ipv4.icmp_ratemask = 6168
net.ipv4.icmp_ratelimit = 1000
net.ipv4.tcp_adv_win_scale = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_app_win = 31
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096        87380   4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096        16384   4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 196608       262144  393216
net.ipv4.tcp_dsack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_ecn = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_reordering = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_fack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_orphan_retries = 1
net.ipv4.inet_peer_gc_maxtime = 120
net.ipv4.inet_peer_gc_mintime = 10
net.ipv4.inet_peer_maxttl = 600
net.ipv4.inet_peer_minttl = 120
net.ipv4.inet_peer_threshold = 65664
net.ipv4.igmp_max_msf = 10
net.ipv4.igmp_max_memberships = 20
net.ipv4.route.rt_cache_rebuild_count = 4
net.ipv4.route.secret_interval = 600
net.ipv4.route.min_adv_mss = 256
net.ipv4.route.min_pmtu = 552
net.ipv4.route.mtu_expires = 600
net.ipv4.route.gc_elasticity = 8
net.ipv4.route.error_burst = 5000
net.ipv4.route.error_cost = 1000
net.ipv4.route.redirect_silence = 20480
net.ipv4.route.redirect_number = 9
net.ipv4.route.redirect_load = 20
net.ipv4.route.gc_interval = 60
net.ipv4.route.gc_timeout = 300
net.ipv4.route.gc_min_interval_ms = 500
net.ipv4.route.gc_min_interval = 0
net.ipv4.route.max_size = 2097152
net.ipv4.route.gc_thresh = 131072
net.ipv4.route.max_delay = 10
net.ipv4.route.min_delay = 2
net.ipv4.icmp_errors_use_inbound_ifaddr = 0
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_all = 0
net.ipv4.ip_local_reserved_ports = 
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 32768    61000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16000
net.ipv4.tcp_rfc1337 = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_stdurg = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_abort_on_overflow = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_retries2 = 15
net.ipv4.tcp_retries1 = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 75
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 9
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1800
net.ipv4.ipfrag_time = 30
net.ipv4.ip_dynaddr = 0
net.ipv4.ipfrag_low_thresh = 196608
net.ipv4.ipfrag_high_thresh = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 180000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 65536
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2
net.ipv4.ip_nonlocal_bind = 0
net.ipv4.ip_no_pmtu_disc = 0
net.ipv4.ip_default_ttl = 64
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_retrans_collapse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.core.netdev_budget = 300
net.core.somaxconn = 128
net.core.xfrm_larval_drop = 0
net.core.xfrm_acq_expires = 30
net.core.xfrm_aevent_rseqth = 2
net.core.xfrm_aevent_etime = 10
net.core.optmem_max = 20480
net.core.message_burst = 10
net.core.message_cost = 5
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 1000
net.core.dev_weight = 64
net.core.rmem_default = 129024
net.core.wmem_default = 129024
net.core.rmem_max = 524288
net.core.wmem_max = 524288
vm.dirty_background_bytes = 0
vm.dirty_bytes = 0
vm.vm_devzero_optimized = 1
vm.max_reclaims_in_progress = 0
vm.max_writeback_pages = 1024
vm.flush_mmap_pages = 1
vm.pagecache = 100
vm.min_slab_ratio = 5
vm.min_unmapped_ratio = 1
vm.zone_reclaim_interval = 30
vm.zone_reclaim_mode = 0
vm.swap_token_timeout = 300     0
vm.topdown_allocate_fast = 0
vm.legacy_va_layout = 0
vm.vfs_cache_pressure = 100
vm.block_dump = 0
vm.laptop_mode = 0
vm.max_map_count = 65536
vm.percpu_pagelist_fraction = 0
vm.min_free_kbytes = 8115
vm.drop_caches = 0
vm.lowmem_reserve_ratio = 256   256     32
vm.hugetlb_shm_group = 0
vm.nr_hugepages = 0
vm.swappiness = 60
vm.nr_pdflush_threads = 2
vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 3000
vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 500
vm.mmap_min_addr = 4096
vm.dirty_ratio = 40
vm.dirty_background_ratio = 10
vm.page-cluster = 3
vm.overcommit_ratio = 50
vm.panic_on_oom = 0
vm.overcommit_memory = 0
kernel.vsyscall64 = 1
kernel.keys.root_maxbytes = 20000
kernel.keys.root_maxkeys = 200
kernel.keys.maxbytes = 20000
kernel.keys.maxkeys = 200
kernel.blk_iopoll = 1
kernel.max_lock_depth = 1024
kernel.compat-log = 1
kernel.hung_task_warnings = 10
kernel.hung_task_timeout_secs = 120
kernel.hung_task_check_count = 4194304
kernel.hung_task_panic = 0
kernel.softlockup_panic = 0
kernel.softlockup_thresh = 60
kernel.acpi_video_flags = 0
kernel.randomize_va_space = 1
kernel.bootloader_type = 113
kernel.panic_on_unrecovered_nmi = 0
kernel.nmi_watchdog = 0
kernel.unknown_nmi_panic = 0
kernel.ngroups_max = 65536
kernel.dmesg_restrict = 0
kernel.printk_ratelimit_burst = 10
kernel.printk_ratelimit = 5
kernel.panic_on_oops = 1
kernel.pid_max = 32768
kernel.overflowgid = 65534
kernel.overflowuid = 65534
kernel.pty.nr = 1
kernel.pty.max = 4096
kernel.random.uuid = c2fcdcfc-0667-4b3e-b56f-987ef523d522
kernel.random.boot_id = 1f00024b-a265-485f-af78-51e43db1dbc8
kernel.random.write_wakeup_threshold = 128
kernel.random.read_wakeup_threshold = 64
kernel.random.entropy_avail = 131
kernel.random.poolsize = 4096
kernel.threads-max = 81920
error: permission denied on key 'kernel.cad_pid'
kernel.sysrq = 0
kernel.sem = 250        32000   32      128
kernel.msgmnb = 16384
kernel.msgmni = 16
kernel.msgmax = 8192
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 1073741824
kernel.acct = 4 2       30
kernel.hotplug = 
kernel.modules_disabled = 0
kernel.modprobe = /sbin/modprobe
kernel.printk = 6       4       1       7
kernel.ctrl-alt-del = 0
kernel.real-root-dev = 0
error: permission denied on key 'kernel.cap-bound'
kernel.tainted = 64
kernel.core_pattern = core
kernel.core_uses_pid = 0
kernel.print-fatal-signals = 0
kernel.exec-shield = 1
kernel.panic = 0
kernel.domainname = (none)
kernel.hostname = tvdic-tools01
kernel.version = #1 SMP Thu Feb 9 12:45:44 EST 2012
kernel.osrelease = 2.6.18-274.18.1.el5
kernel.ostype = Linux
kernel.sched_interactive = 2
fs.mqueue.msgsize_max = 8192
fs.mqueue.msg_max = 10
fs.mqueue.queues_max = 256
fs.quota.warnings = 1
fs.quota.syncs = 20
fs.quota.free_dquots = 0
fs.quota.allocated_dquots = 0
fs.quota.cache_hits = 0
fs.quota.writes = 0
fs.quota.reads = 0
fs.quota.drops = 0
fs.quota.lookups = 0
fs.suid_dumpable = 0
fs.inotify.max_queued_events = 16384
fs.inotify.max_user_watches = 8192
fs.inotify.max_user_instances = 128
fs.aio-max-nr = 65536
fs.aio-nr = 0
fs.lease-break-time = 45
fs.dir-notify-enable = 1
fs.leases-enable = 1
fs.overflowgid = 65534
fs.overflowuid = 65534
fs.dentry-state = 56245 52863   45      0       0       0
fs.nr_open = 1048576
fs.file-max = 327680
fs.file-nr = 1020       0       327680
fs.inode-state = 53628  1336    0       0       0       0       0
fs.inode-nr = 53628     1336
fs.binfmt_misc.status = enabled

 

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